Evaluation of Implementation Level of Community Health Strategy and Its Influence on Uptake of Skilled Delivery in Lurambi Sub County- Kenya

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Rose Muhanda
Vincent Were
Henry Oyugi
Dan Kaseje


Background: Despite the widespread application of the community health strategy (CHS) in Kenya and evidence of its effectiveness in reducing health outcomes at the household level, data from Kakamega County, of which Lurambi sub-county is part of, still showed that skilled birth delivery was at 47% against the national estimateof 62% and a target of 90%. However, there was limited evidence on the level of CHS implementation and its association with the uptake of skilled delivery.
Methods: The study employed a cross-sectional analytic design. A structured validated community unit (CU) scorecard and a household questionnaire were used to collect quantitative data from the CUs through Community Health Extension Workers (CHEWs) and at the household level through mothers with children below 1 year. A random sample of 436 mothers from all the 38 Community Units (CUs) was included. CU functionality was assessed using 17 binary indicators (scored as 1 for a positive response, 0 otherwise) and total scores were expressed as percentages. Fully functional CUs scored ≥80% and semi-functional CU scored >50 to <80%. No CU was non-functional (scored ≤50%). Data from the CUs were merged with data at the household level. Association between CU functionality and skilled delivery was assessed using multivariable binary logistic regression controlling for socio-demographic variables. Adjusted Odds Ratios (OR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (95%CI) are reported.
Results: A total of 38 CUs were assessed and of these, 26(68.6%) were fully functional and 12(31.4%) were semi-functional, 18(47.4%) had both household registers (MOH 513) and service delivery logbooks (MOH 514). Overall, 387(80.0%) of mothers had skilled birth deliveries, 263(68%) were from functional CUs and 124(32%) were from semi-functional CUs. Pregnant women were more likely to have skilled deliveries in fully functional CUs than semi-functional CUs (OR=1.3; 95% CI=1.1-2.4; p-value<.001). Other factors significantly associated with uptake of skilled delivery included receiving health education(OR=2.9;95%CI=1.4-6.1,p=.005), being visited at least twice by Community Health Volunteers, CHVs(OR=1.9;95%CI=1.1-3.5,p=.045), attending antenatal care clinics, ANC (OR=3.4;95%CI=1.3-3.5,p=.012), receiving advice where to deliver (OR=4.1;95%CI=1.8-9.4,p=.001).
Conclusion: 2 out of 3 community units were fully functional, and functionality was associated with increased uptake of skilled delivery. In a fully functional CUs, Community Health Volunteers provided health education through regular visits and they were able to provide a referral to health facilities for the pregnant women. To achieve national targets for skilled deliveries and universal health coverage, there is a need to ensure CUs are fully functional

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