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Background: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a parasitic infectious disease that is transmitted by several species of mosquitoes. Diagnosis of LF is done in both human hosts and vectors. Effective mosquito collection method(s) is/are required in order to collect large numbers of mosquitoes with high chances of infectivity.
Methods: In this study, 3 mosquito sampling methods were compared. Mosquitoes were collected from 6 randomly selected villages of Tana River County, Kenya. The effectiveness of CDC light traps, gravid traps, and pyrethrum spray methods in collecting mosquitoes were compared. Mosquitoes were morphologically identified into genera and species level, and mosquito dissection was done in search of microfilariae larvae to assess the infection and infectivity rates. Data was analysed by SPSS version 15.0 and analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Results: A total of 1632 female mosquitoes were collected belonging to 5 mosquito genera: Culex, Anopheles, Aedes, Mansonia, and Ficalbia. The most abundant mosquito genera was Culex. Light traps obtained the most blood-fed mosquitoes.
Conclusion: Light traps were found to be the most effective method of mosquito collection in terms of high catches and high infectivities.